2013 melt season over Greenland simulated by MAR
2013 Greenland ice sheet SMB
simulated by MARv3.2 in real time
(last update: 03/09/2013)
Fig 1: a) Time series of the cumulated Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB) in GT simulated by the regional climate model MAR (version 3.2) forced by the ECMWF (operational) reanalysis since 1 Sep 2012 (in green), and 1 Sep 2013 (in red). The 1980-2011 mean simulated by MAR forced by RA-INTERIM is also plotted in black. b) Same as a) but for the daily SMB in GT/day. The absolute maximum/minimum SMB rate of each day is plotted in blue. c) Daily mean GrIS near-surface temperature (TAS) simulated by MAR. The absolute maximum temperature of each day is plotted in blue. d) Time series of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index from Climate Prediction Center.
Fig 2a: Left) Cumulated SMB (in mm) from the 1 Sep 2012 to 31 Aug 2013. Right) Same as Left) but in respect to the 1980-2011 average from the 1 Sep to 31 Aug.
Fig 2b: Same as Fig 2a but for snowfall.
Fig 2c: Same as Fig 2a but for run-off.
Fig 3: Time series of a) the daily mean GrIS near-surface temperature (in °C), b) production of meltwater (in GT/day), c) melt extent (i.e. area where the daily meltwater production > 1 mmWE/day in % of the ice sheet area), d) bare ice extent (i.e. area where the surface density is > 900 kg/m^3 in % of the ice sheet surface) and e) daily mean GrIS surface albedo simulated by MARv3.2 forced by ERA-INTERIM (1979-2013).
(c) Xavier Fettweis, University of Liège, Belgium